The bombing of Hiroshima and Pearl Harbor both had an impact on WWII. Pearl Harbor was a harbor found near the island of Oahu in Hawaii. On December 7th, 1941 the Japanese landed a surprise attack on the United States at Pearl Harbor, the home to the United States Naval Fleet, which damaged the entire harbor. Hiroshima was a city in Japan that was bombed by the United States on August 6th, 1945 as a plot of revenge from their surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. The bomb dropped on Hiroshima was significant because it was an Atomic Bomb. Both attacks had an impact in the war, but Hiroshima had a greater impact because it was revenge from the American government, about 70,000 people were killed, and this attack ended the war.
This is a picture of the Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima
On December 7th, 1941 the Japanese government dropped a surprise bomb attack on Pearl Harbor. The destruction sunk the USS Arizona, West Virginia, Oklahoma, Nevada, and California. Within two hours of bombing and torpedoing from the Japanese 2,400 Americans were dead, eighteen ships and 188 planes were destroyed (Castleden 500). Japan’s surprise attack on Pearl Harbor cost them less than 100 men. (A- Bomb Museum). Many people state, “The attack on Pearl Harbor ensured a vigorous American counter attack…” (Castleden 504). In Hawaii on the “Big Island” 1,200 American soldiers who lived on the USS Arizona were left dead (A- Bomb Museum). At this time the Americans shot down twenty-nine planes, destroyed one submarine, and five miniature submarines. (A- Bomb Museum) Japan’s reason to attack Pearl Harbor was to destroy the United States Pacific fleet and gain land. Many individuals believe that Roosevelt kept the attack a secret because he wanted to get into WWII alongside Great Britain. This terrible attack declared that America was officially in the war effort.
This is another picture of what the Harbor looked like after Japan attacked the United States
On August 6th, 1945 in Hiroshima, Japan at 8:15 a.m. the United States dropped a bomb as a plot of revenge. (A- Bomb Museum) The bomb that was dropped was significant because it was a- Bomb which was nicknamed “Little Boy.” (A- Bomb Museum) “Little Boy” was released from the Enola Gay a B-29 bombers plane. (A- Bomb Museum) The bomb took approximately one minute to reach its point of explosion. (A- Bomb Museum) Lt. Col. Paul Tibbets, a pilot of the Enola Gay, recollected “We turned back to look at Hiroshima. The city was hidden by that awful cloud… boiling up, mushrooming“(A- Bomb Museum). When the heat from this destructive bomb hit the ground it burnt everything, including people. The strong winds from the bomb also destroyed most houses and buildings within a 1.5 mile radius. (A- Bomb Museum). Witnesses of the disaster stated “We saw another sun in the sky when it exploded.” (A- Bomb Museum) Radiation from the bomb caused long term problems to those that were affected. Several who were affected by radiation died the first few months or a couple years later. Many women who were affected by radiation had malformed babies or were unable to have children. This was one of the most disastrous events in history.
This is a picture of the bomb, “Little Boy”, that was dropped on Hiroshima
The bombing of Hiroshima had a greater impact on the war because he United States government was trying to gain revenge, 70,000 people were killed, and it ended WWII. The battle of Hiroshima was a plot of revenge from America because the United States did not see the bombing of Pearl Harbor coming. Many people say that “The nature of the Japanese “victory” at Pearl Harbor guaranteed an American commitment to defeat them” (Castleden 504). At Hiroshima 70,000 people were killed and many faced lifetime difficulties because of the radiation. This event in history put the United States in the war, and also ended the war. Hiroshima had a greater effect on the war than Pearl Harbor.
This picture is a picture of the bomb This picture shows the destruction at Pearl Harbor.
dropped on Hiroshima.
A- Bomb WWWMuseum.1988.16 April. 2008. http://www.csi.ad.jp/ABOMB/index.html
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Hasaday, Judy L. Pearl Harbor.Philadelphia:Chelsea House Publishers, 2001
Hiroshima. 30 April 2008. http://batguano.com.
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USS Arizona Memorial. 21 April 2008. http://middle.nettrecker.com.