Synagogues burned in Germany, and people watch in horror.
Kristallnacht is known as “The Night of Broken Glass”. On November 9th, 1938 Nazi storm troopers, the Gestapo and Anti-Semitics gathered. They gathered because, a Nazi official had been murdered by a young Jew. That night, 7,000 Jewish owned shops burned. Three hundred synagogues were set on fire. Also, about 100 Jews were murdered. More than 30,000 Jews were sent to Buchenwald, Dachau and Sachsenhausen, concentration camps. Kristallnacht was important for later events because it foreshadowed the Holocaust.
Kristallnacht was an excuse to use violence, for the Nazis, and an eye opener, for the Jews. When, a young Jew murdered a Nazi official, in Paris, Hitler became angry. In truth, he was looking for an excuse to cause violence, as we later found out. The planning for Kristallnacht began, when Hitler riled up his storm troopers and Anti-Semitic groups. Few Jews immigrated as soon as Hitler became chancellor but many more Jews stayed in Germany. On, November 9th, 1938 the Gestapo was told, “As many Jews as possible, especially rich ones, must be arrested. They should be sent to the nearest concentration camp as soon as possible” (Shuter 24). The Nazis told the public they were trying to contain the violence, during Kristallnacht, but in truth this was only the beginning.
Shops were burned down during Kristallnacht.
Kristallnacht was “The Night of Broken Glass”, a tragic, executed by the Nazis. “The Night of Broken Glass” took place all over Germany on November 9th, 1938. Kristallnacht was, “a carefully planned tide of storm trooper violence swept through the German-Jewish community” (Downing 34). The violence caused 7,000 Jewish owned stores to burn. Hitler had them set 300 synagogues on fire and murder about 100 Jews. Also, 30,000 Jews were sent to Buchenwald, Dachau and Sachsenhausen, which were concentration camps. Kristallnacht opened many eyes to what was to come, but not enough warning for the millions to die in the Holocaust.
Two Jewish boys are ready to board a Kindertransports.
The Night of Broken Glass foreshadowed many futures being destroyed in The Holocaust. Around the time of The Night of Broken Glass, being a Jewish shop owner was a dangerous. For example, seven thousand shops were burned during Kristallnacht. This gave the Jewish population a glimpse of what might happen in the future. Now, “Those German Jews who had clung to the hope that Hitler and his Nazis would let them live in some land of peace, Kristallnacht marked the end of the illusion” (Downing, 36-37). After, Kristallnacht, many more Jews tried to immigrate. For example, 115,000 Jews immigrated 10 months after Kristallnacht. Also, most of the original 30,000 Jews that were taken to concentration camps during Kristallnacht were released; they were part of the 115,000. Boats that carried only Jewish children were called Kindertransports. There were non-Jewish charity organizations that gave help to Jewish emigrants. The charity organizations helped make arrangements for the Kindertransports. The Jews paid for the $500,000 repairs of Kristallnacht. The Nazis, had great successes after their army grew because of the support, of Kristallnacht. Anti-Semitics were feeling overjoyed, and racial hatred grew. While some bystanders felt horrible, to bad there were not enough to fight back. The Jews were shaken and felt people were harder to trust after Kristallnacht. Kristallnacht is the true beginning of the Holocaust.
55542. 21 April, 2008. < http://www.ushmm.org/>.
2boys. 21 April, 2008. http://www.historyplace.com/>.
Downing, David. Origins of the Holocaust. Milwaukee, WI: World Almanac Library, 2006.
Downing, David. Persecution and Emigration. Milwaukee, WI: World Almanac Library, 2006.
“Kristallnacht”. Micropaedia. Chicago, IL: Britannia, Inc., 1988.
Kristallnacht, The November 1938 Pogroms. ushmm. 21 April, 2008.
Meltzer, Meilton. Never to Forget. 1976. New York, Hagerstown, San Francisco, London:
Harper & Row, Publishers, 1976.
nacht1. 21 April, 2008. <http://www.historyplace.com/>.
nacht2. 21 April, 2008. <http://www.historyplace.com/>.
nazi. 21 April, 2008. <http://www.fas.org>.
Shuter, Jan. Prelude to the Holocaust. Chicago: Reed Educational & professional Publishing,